Windows 98 - Netscape Communicator 4.76 - Netscape 6.0
I have received many emails asking how to do various things and when
I replied, ask for opinion of adding a "TIPS PAGE". All said "DO IT".
So, here it is. If you know all this, just ignore. I hope it will help
some of you.
Back in the Stone Age, Ancient Man used to send documents or pictures of his family through a primitive system called "snail mail." To open these documents, you ripped open an envelope, and there they were.Now, however, Modern Man sends the same documents or pictures through e-mail, by means of something called "attachments." The problem is, sometimes the darn things don't "open."
What is an attachment? Put simply, an attachment is any computer file that is "transported" through the Internet within (that is, "attached") to an e-mail.
Attachments usually show up in your e-mail with a paper clip symbol and icon describing the type of program used to create the file that is attached. More about this in paragraph two below.
Problems arise mainly for four reasons:
1) Attachments are too "big." Back in the Bronze Age, when software designers were creating today's dominant E-mail programs, few people foresaw that e-mail would be so popular, nor that it would be common to use attachments. As a result, large attachments coming down a 56K connection tend to "choke" your modem or E-mail software before the download can be completed. The result is a "stuck" e-mail. Generally speaking it is unwise to send an attachment much over one megabyte (MB).
If an E-mail refuses to download over and over again, it may be "stuck" because of a large attachment. If you suspect this is happening, call up our Tech Support Department at 1 888 376 5638, and we will delete it from our servers. Deleting stuck e-mails is usually the only way to resolve the problem.
(There are ways to send big files across the Internet, using such programs as FTP, File Transfer Protocol, but that is another subject.)
2) The file may be incompatible with the software on your computer. If someone sends you a document created with Microsoft Word (regardless of whether you are using a Windows or Mac machine) but you don't have Word on your computer, the file may show up as a page of computer code, or not open at all.
If the attached file is a sound or moving picture, you may need what is called a "plug-in" to open it. A "plug-in" is a mini-program that often is built into your browser to "play" sound and picture files. These mini- programs "plug-in" to your existing browser, but may be absent from older versions.
Among the most common plug-ins are the Microsoft Windows Media Player (which comes with Windows 95, 98, and NT) and Real Player, available at http://www.realplayer.com/
As we mentioned above, attached files show up as icons in the body of your e-mail. Often the program is identified by name, but sometimes not. The identification may be limited to the "extension," those three letters after the dot (.) in file names (such as .xxx). Here are some common file extensions and the programs required to open them:
.exe This extension identifies an "executable" file. This means a program that will run on your machine if you click on it. Be careful with these files. They sometimes can be used to install viruses on your computer. Know who is the sender or what the program is about.
.txt -- This identifies a simple text document file. The simplest word processor will open these.
.doc -- A document created by Microsoft Word. If you don't have "Word" on your machine, it may not open.
.xls -- A spreadsheet created by Microsoft Excel. You will need Excel to open it.
.wpd -- A document created by Corel Word Perfect. You will need WP to open it.
.wav -- A audio file format created by Microsoft. If you have a sound card and speakers on your machine, Windows will open these.
.mp3 -- The latest compression format for sending digital audio files across the Internet. You may need the latest versions of the Windows Media Player, Real Player, or a similar program to open these.
.jpg -- The recommended file format for photographs. Windows and Macs will open these.
.gif -- The recommended file format for graphics and icons, opened by Windows and Mac machines.
These are the most common file extensions you might encounter in an e-mail attachment, but there are many, many others.
To avoid incompatibility problems altogether, you might want to invest $59 in either of two programs: Keyview (available at http://www.keyview.com) or Quick View Plus (at http://www.jasc.com). Both of these programs will open hundreds of different types of file formats, although they will not allow you to edit or change them.
3) A third problem with attachments is encoding in the E-mail. Encoding means repackaging a file as simple text so that it can travel easily across the Internet.
Most E-mail programs now are smart enough to recognize encoding so that you don't have to worry about it. Attachments are usually encoded in one of three standards: MIME, BinHex, or Uuencode. Rarely you might get a file in the MIME format that turns up as gibberish. It must then be decoded. If you have the option, and don't want to learn about decoding and don't want to bother with downloading decoding software, the most practical advice is to ask the sender to fax you the document.
4) The fourth common problem with attachments is compression. For a lengthy explanation of compression, please see our Tip last week at http://www.erols.com/erols/news/0799/07-23-99.html Basically, it means squeezing the extra data out of a file, like water out of a sponge, so that it becomes smaller, easier to transmit, and faster to download.
If an attachment contains a compressed file created by a Windows program, it will be decompressed automatically if you have already have installed a program like "WinZip" (see below) and your e-mail program is set "not to prompt" when it sees a .zip file. The icon signifying the attachment icon may show the extension .zip (for "zipped"). On Macintosh machines, the .sit extension indicates a compressed file.
Attachments are not automatically decompressing, you may need special software. For Windows programs, try "PKZip" (available at http://www.pkware.com) or the Winzip program (available at http://tucows.erols.com/). For Macintosh machines, try "Stuffit Expander" (available at http://www.aladdinsys.com/expander).
Finally, some things to remember about attachments:
Erols Tips 7/30/99
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BOOT FASTER 4/13
Speeding up your boot time.
We all know how annoying it is to watch that little hourglass while your computer loads programs. You may be able to speed things up by cleaning up your start menu. Your computer may be loading many little mini-programs that run in "background" mode without your knowledge. These programs all have to load each time you boot, and each takes up valuable memory.
Calendars, reminders, virus checkers, fax software are all types of programs that run in "background." You can run these on as-needed basis from your desktop rather than load them every time,
To check this out, go to "Start |Programs," and then scroll down the programs menu to the folder labeled "Startup." You may find programs you did not know you were running. Remove items you don't need at startup; they will still available on your program menu.
If you plan to be away from your computer for short periods, you can avoid time-wasting bootups by simply leaving the machine running. The computer will not "wear out." Its only moving part is a tiny fan that cools the insides. When machine is not processing data it costs less energy to leave it sit for a while than to reboot it.
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CLEAR CACHE 4/9
From Your HomeoPage:
Sometimes this helps speed up loading of pages.
From Your HomeoPage:
Sometimes this helps speed up loading of pages.
I have had several e-mail asking how to get to the various ships pages as there is no list of ships on the page..
No problem -- I'm glad to help as I had to learn how to get around on the internet also.
What is a Link?
Links are usually a different color, and are underlined. The mouse
pointer becomes a hand when the mouse pointer moves over it..
There are several steps to improve your performance, speed and clear up wasted disk space.
Check your different folders for junk - Unused or old documents and photos. Delete them to the Recycle Bin folder, (Located on your desktop).
To delete, just hi-lite and hit delete key.
After getting rid of unwanted files, go to desktop, click on Recycle Bin. When open, click on File, then Empty Recycle Bin. Click ok when ask if you want to delete.
In your Mail Box, Check each folder. If you want to keep
any from a friend or company, create a folder and move it there. If you
do not want the message, hi-lite (click on it) and hit delete key. They
go to the trash folder.
OK... you cleaned up the unused files/mail.
Disconnect for the internet.
OK, SCANDISK did its thing, fixed any errors it found on your drive.
After Scandisk, we are now going to DEFRAG the drive. This means take
all your files that are scattered all over the drive and put them together.
EVERYTHING STILL CLOSED..........
From Desktop, Click START, Run,
ScanDisk and Defrag completed. You should notice an improvement in how fast you bring up your files to work on.
I suggest you do this once a week.
Will tell you how to have it done automatically every week in another tip
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DISK MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE 4/10***** This will allow you to schudule various task to keep your computer in tip-top running condition. How you schedule task depends on how much time you want to wait for the action to be completed. It can be done all at one time, or at various times. There are several ways to run these. The setup I am giving is to make it fast so you can play. Click on Start - Programs - Accessories - System Tools - Schedule Task. In the schedule task window, Click on -"Add Scheduled Task"-- click next. 1. DISK CLEANUP is first selection. *********************************** In the dropdown menu scroll down to find: DISK CLEANUP. Click to hilite. Click next. Click "When I Log On", Click Finish. This will clean up your disk when you turn on your pc. It only takes seconds, and you will loose no time. 2. TUEN UP APPLICATIONS. is second selection. ******************************************** Same procedure. Click "When I log on" Click Finish. 3. ANTI-VIRUS PROGRAM is third selection: ***************************************** Same procedure. Find your Anti-virus program. Select "When I log on" 4. SCANDISK is fourth selection. ******************************** Prior to running you should delete all files and old email as outlined in "CLEAR CACHE" tip. You should not have any applications open nor logged on to internet. This can take a few minutes Same procedure. Click on when you want to run. (Weekly suggested. Day & time is when you want it to run) When selected, click finish. 5. DEFRAG is fifth selection: ****************************** Prior to running you should delete all files and old email as outlined in "CLEAR CACHE" tip. You should NOT have any applications open or be logged on to internet. This can take a few minutes Same procedure. Click on when you want to run. (Weekly suggested. Set Day & time at least 30 minutes after SCANDISK run time. When selected, click finish. **NOTE** ******** ABOVE SELECTS STAGGERED RUN-TIMES. YOU CAN SCHEDULE SCANDISK AND DEFRAG TO RUN AT ONE TIME. I DO THIS FIRST OF MONTH. ************************************ MAINTENANCE WIZARD - Optional choice ****************** Same procedure. Select MAINTENANCE WIZARD. This will run Disk Cleanup, Scandisk and Defrag. This could take awhile, but if you have the time, a good choice. Schedule to run 1 day of each month.
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